Title 1 Program
What is Title 1?
Title 1 is the largest federal aid program for our nation’s schools. Every year each state receives a basic grant for the program. The state then sends the money to school districts based on the number of low income families.
What is the Purpose of Title 1 Schools?
Title 1 funds remedial education programs for low income and disadvantaged children so all children can obtain a high quality education. The idea is to close the achievement gap between schools that have more and schools that have less.
- Title 1 funds provide extra supports and interventions for struggling students
- Children attending a school-wide Title 1 school./program are eligible for extra assistance regardless of family income.
How is Title 1 Funding Determined?
Funding for this program is determined by poverty rate, or the free and reduced lunch count. The district uses a funding formula to determine how much funding each school receives.
- Schoolwide Schools are those schools which serve ALL students through a schoolwide model that focuses on whole school improvement. Garfield, Hansen, LP Brown, Madison and Roosevelt elementary schools are currently our Title 1 schools.
- Target Assist Schools are those schools who serve children who are most at-risk academically. We do not have any schools using this model.
What Does Title 1 Pay For?
Title 1 funding supplements but does not replace the core instruction. Title 1 provides an addition layer of academic intervention supports in addition to those a school would normally provide.
- Funding is used for “proven” teaching methods and programs sucha extended day or all-day kindergarten, small group intervention, home visits, pre-school teachers and assistants, hiring specialized K-5 reading and math specialists, academic teacher assistants, afterschool academic intervention programs, 1:1 tutoring, supplementary materials, computer assisted learning with iPads and laptop mobile carts, parent involvement activities, or staff training.
- Private schools in the district are eligible for funds as well.
What is a Title 1 School and What Does it Have to do With (NCLB) No Child Left Behind?
A Title 1 school is a school that has received federal Title 1 money through a statewide grant allocation process.
- Title 1 schools began with the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965, part of the "War on Poverty".
- NCLB has been reauthorized twice: first as the Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994 and then again as the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB).
- The commitment has always been the same: To provide poor schools and districts with resources to help students at risk.
- Parents have every right to know the progress of their child, their school, staff qualifications, and their district.
What are the Elements of No Child Left Behind (NCLB)?
- Teachers and Paraprofessionals must be Highly Qualified (HQ).
- Teachers: Teachers must be “Highly Qualified” by holding a bachelor’s degree and passing a state test.
- Paraprofessionals: Teacher Assistants in Title 1 schools must have completed two years of college or pass a test in reading, writing, and math.
- Annual Testing: All students in grades 3-8 must take a test in reading and math.
- Annual Measureable Outcomes (AMO): AMOs are unique yearly targets in reading and mathematics for each subgroup, school and district, as described in Washington’s Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Flexibility Request. AMOs replace the state uniform bar used under Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) as prescribed in ESEA. The idea is to ensure that all groups of students continue to learn. (Update 9/14: Due to the loss of the NCLB waiver, Washington schools are now subject to the AYP requirement of the NCLB Act.)
- School and District Report Cards: Reporting annual test scores will tell how successful your school has been in reaching all groups of students. You will also be able to compare your school with others. Check out our district’s website for each school’s annual performance report card.
- Garfield and Madison are two of 58 top-performing schools in the state to be recognized as a Rewards School which means that these schools scored in the top 10% in reading and math for 3 consecutive years in all subgroups of students.
A series of steps are taken each year if a Title 1 school does not make AMO in multiple areas for multiple subgroups of students. The schools are identified into one of three categories: Priority, Focus, or Emerging. These schools must follow a series of steps towards improvement. No school in Olympia School District is a Priority, Focus, or Emerging school. The ultimate goal is for students to become successful
How are Parents Involved in Title 1 Schools?
Every district and each Title 1 school has a family involvement policy/plan that describes different ways that families can be involved in the Title 1 program:
- Learning at Home
- Decision Making
- Collaborating with the community
Every attempt is made to reach to out to all parents and families so they may be active participants in their children's education.
In addition, the family, school, and students share in the responsibility of student learning by signing a school compact.
The goal of Title 1 is to provide funds so that each and every child has a high quality education. Title 1 gives that extra support to students and schools that need it the most.
Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)
OSPI has translated five of our Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) flyers into the Top 8 languages spoken by Washington’s students. Those flyers address some of the biggest pieces of ESSA, including Title I: Federal Programs, Title II: Teacher & Principal Quality, Title III: English Learners, as well as Equity and 21st Century Community Learning Centers. These flyers were created to help readers understand the new federal education law. They have been translated into Arabic, Korean, Russian, Spanish, Somali, Tagalog, Ukrainian, and Vietnamese.
Parents’ Right to Know Provision
Parents or legal guardians of students in Title 1 funded building or activities have the right to request information from the Olympia School District concerning the professional qualifications of their child’s teachers(s). Additionally, each school in the District, as well as the District office, maintains information about its compliance with the federal mandate of having highly qualified teaching staff. This information is also available to parents or legal guardians upon request. For information, please contact Human Resources at (360) 596-6185
Title 1 Parent Involvement
Olympia School District has a policy of involving the parents or legal guardians of students in Title 1 programs. This policy was jointly developed and agreed upon by parents and District staff. For futher information, please contact your child’s school principal or the Student Support Services at (360) 596-7532.
Title I Parent Advisory
Parents are encouraged to provide input and advice to the Olympia School District on matters concerning the federal Title 1 program. This program awards funding to high poverty schools at the elementary and secondary levels, and that funding provides extra assistance to struggling students.
Title 1 is part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act which was called No Child Left Behind (NCLB) for the past decade. In recent years, individual states have petitioned the federal Department of Education for a state waiver to remove many of the sanctions from NCLB. Washington state was given a waiver in the summer of 2012. There are new requirements that are helpful for parents to know. However, toward the end of the 2013-14 school year, Washingto state lost its waiver and is now subject the AYP requirements of the NCLB Act.
Parents should contact their child's school to learn about how they can be involved in their child's education, and to provide input on the programs offered at the school and the district. Each school may use a different model to solicit parent input, incuding: Parent Evenenings, Site Council meetings, PTO/Parent meetings, etc.
For more information about Title 1 please contact:
OSD Title 1 Coordinator